SOA Suite 12.2.1: A first look at end-to-end JSON and JavaScript support in SOA Composites

Maarten Smeets 4
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SOA Suite 12.2.1 introduces end-to-end JSON support in composites and support for JavaScript in composites. The REST-binding (which can be used by Service Bus, BPEL, BPM) can receive and send untyped JSON without the need to translate it to XML. In BPEL, JavaScript can be used as expression language in various activities and there is a JavaScript embedding activity available.

In this article I’ll show some examples on what you can do with this end-to-end JSON support and give some examples on how to use JavaScript in your BPEL process.

About the implementation

Oracle has used the Mozilla Rhino JavaScript engine which is embedded in Java SE 6 and 7. WebLogic Server 12.2.1 and thus also SOA Suite 12.2.1, runs on Java SE 8 (Java EE 7). Java SE 8 has a new JavaScript engine Nashorn embedded (see here). A possible reason of Oracle for choosing Rhino could be that Nashorn is not thread safe. See here. You can imagine you need thread safety in an environment like SOA Suite.

SOAIncomingRequests_maxThreads is a property indicating the number of threads available to handle incoming requests. It is by default set to the same value as the connection pool size of the SOADataSource. This might not be enough for REST/JSON services. You can find this setting by going to the MBean browser, Configuration MBeans, com.bea, SelfTuning, (domain), MaxThreadsConstraint.

Use untyped JSON

You can use untyped JSON in various BPEL activities such as assign and assert activities. Since the JSON is untyped, you can assign values to elements which do not exist yet and they will be created; there is no message definition. Payload validation will cause a NullPointerException.

In order to achieve an end-to-end JSON BPEL process, you first create a REST Binding and indicate you do not want to invoke components based on a WSDL interface.

Javascript create REST binding

Next, configure the binding and indicate the request and response will be JSON.

Javascript create method

Javascript json result

Create a new BPEL process based on this REST binding.

Javascript create BPEL process

Now the BPEL process will use end-to-end JSON. It is useful to set the default expression language to JavaScript instead of XPATH since you will be working with JSON. Right-click your process, edit and set the expression language to JavaScript. In the below screenshot, you can also set the query language to JavaScript.

javascript expression language

You can create an assign activity which assigns a JavaScript expression to the result variable. In this case the ‘resultfield’ object is created in the resulting JSON.

Javascript end to end 02

As usual, you can test the service in the EM Fusion Middleware Control.

Javascript request

Javascript response

Use JavaScript

You can use JavaScript inline (JavaScript embedding activity) or import a JavaScript file which is present in the project. Currently putting JavaScript files in the MDS is not yet supported.

Importing a JavaScript file from within BPEL can look like:
<bpelx:js include=”jslib/main.js”/>

The JavaScript embedding object is of the type org.mozilla.javascript and has various properties. You can determine properties of an object by looping them:

for (property in this)
{ audit.log(“output: “, property);

Some examples of how you can use these properties can be found here.

  • ‘xpath’ can be used to execute XPath expressions. For example: xpath.ora.getECID()
  • ‘console’ and ‘audit’ can be used for for logging to console or audit log. For example: audit.log(“Hello audit log”)
  • ‘process’ allows you to access process variables such as input and output. For example: process.outputVar.result = new Object();
  • ‘bpel’ can help you with expressions in activities. For example: bpel.until(process.counter > 3)

If I assign a value to a variable from within the JavaScript embedding activity, that value is available inside the BPEL process:

Javascript embedding

In an assign activity I can then use myvar to use the string.

javascript in assign


The end-to-end JSON and JavaScript support are both powerful additions to Oracle SOA Suite. It has the potential (I have not measured this yet) of providing a significant performance gain when using BPEL to orchestrate JSON/REST services since translation to XML can be avoided. When you enable end-to-end JSON support in your BPEL process, it still remains possible to call SOAP services and use the adapters thus mixing REST/JSON and SOAP/XML in the same process becomes relatively easy.

I have yet to research the possibilities of using already publicly available JavaScript libraries inside BPEL processes. Most libraries are front-end based, but I can imagine there are JavaScript libraries available which provide new functionality to JavaScript running inside the JVM, which can then be used in BPEL. Also I have not yet studied limitations of using JavaScript from the JVM as compared to from a browser. Running from the JVM, JavaScript allows easy integration with Java, which might also be interesting to look at; can we use JavaScript to more easily interact with SOA Suite API’s?

This new feature of using JavaScript with BPEL also of course requires some standards. I can imagine it is useful to put most JavaScript functionality in a library and include that instead of having difficult to maintain JavaScript embedding activities. You can then also use for example TypeScript to allow easy editing / syntax checking of the JavaScript library.

About Post Author

Maarten Smeets

Maarten is a Software Architect at AMIS Conclusion. Over the past years he has worked for numerous customers in the Netherlands in developer, analyst and architect roles on topics like software delivery, performance, security and other integration related challenges. Maarten is passionate about his job and likes to share his knowledge through publications, frequent blogging and presentations.
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4 thoughts on “SOA Suite 12.2.1: A first look at end-to-end JSON and JavaScript support in SOA Composites

  1. Hi Maarten, I am on SOA Suite and am trying create a composite with an exposed REST interface using JSON only. My service I’m calling is expecting a Template Parameter. When I test it, SOA is saying the parameter has no value

    A WADL exists for this service and I used the WADL to configure the REST Adapter for both the External Reference and Exposed Service.
    I added a BPEL component and chose the REST template and had it support the REST Find operation/resource that uses the template parameter. It correctly shows the template parameter when I choose the operation for the BPEL process.

    I also changed the language to JS for the BPEL process.

    I tried to follow your blog post and used the Assign activity to populate the template parameter:

    From: To:

    And use the OE_REST_FindStr_OutputVar as the input and output vars for the Invoke activity.

    Checking the flow instance trace when it errors out, I see on the Invoke that

    {“id” : “101”}

    so a value is there – but I get the error “template parameter’ has no value.

    I also tried creating a new JSON variable of type String named “id” and Assign to

    but it errors out with” FabricInvocationException: java.lang.String cannot be cast to java.util.Map

    — So it seems I’m getting closer 😉

    Can you help?

    thank you in advance

  2. how do i access a response,outputvar in the below value in BPEL using javascript

    getVar {
    result {
    { valueToFetch

    how to fetch value in that getting response in the above format in bpel outputVariable from a partnerlink.

    when i am to trying fetch value using javascript i am getting above entire value instead of just “valueToFetch” as response

    any suggestions

    Thanks for response in advance

  3. Any idea how this can be achieved in BPEL 12.2.1 -Orchestrate a set of RESTful state transitions (Hypermedia as the Engine of Application State (HATEOAS) approach).? Or implement HATEOAS approach for set of services using Oracle Service Bus 12.2.1. I have seen Oracle docs to use http link header but wondering how we can expose set of REST services using HATEOAS approach in the bus. Can you please suggest an approach to expose HATEOAS based REST API’s from Service Bus12c? For : Employee Details{emp id} are sent with a hypermedia link (self link) for more information on Addresses.

    1. Hi John. You are probably referring to the Service Bus documentation at: As far as I can tell, there is no out of the box feature to use the HATEOAS approach in SOA Suite 12.2.1 (BPEL or Service Bus). You might be able to use a template which adds links to the response message (a self link and links to fetched resources). You can use the HTTP link header as a source to generate a link. I do not have a ready example of that though.

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