Little trick to set the database context when using the ADF BC Tester

The Tester for ADF BC is a very handy tool, to verify the correctness of the Business Components we have created. However, there are times when the Tester is not useful: when the queries are somehow dependent on a database context. For example: if VPD (virtual private database) has been used to implement horizontal authorization rules (a user can only see a limited number of records), the database typically requires some context to be set. The name of the current user for example should be set in an Application Context before queries can successfully be executed. In ADF BC terms this boils down to implementing a subclass for the ApplicationModuleImpl that overrides the prepareSession() method that sets this context. If the web-application has been made secure, for example with JAAS, we can get the current username from the session object in ADF BC.

However, this information is not available when we use the Tester, neither do we have the Web Application running to call the ApplicationModuleImpl to make these settings. So, does this render the Tester completely useless? Well, at first I thought so. But then I came up with a little trick.....

I have a database package APP_CONTEXT with a procedure set_current_user( p_username in varchar2) that should be called before any queries are executed, in order to give the VPD policies a chance to return any meaningful information.

The trick consists of the following steps:

  1. implement a function that takes a varchar2 input parameter (the username) and calls the app_context.set_current_user procedure and returns a varchar2
  2. create a simple readonly ViewObject that selects from that function – and takes a bind-parameter to pass on to the function
  3. add this ViewObject to the Application Module’s data model
  4. run the tester – before accessing any ViewObjects, first query the new readonly ViewObject: a popup message is presented that asks for the value of the bind-parameter (the name of the current user) and the query is executed, calling the function and indirectly setting the user in the context
  5. now all other queries will be with the proper context values set up

Step 1: The function set_user_context

The function I created

function set_user_context
(p_username in varchar2)
return varchar2
return p_username;

Step 2: Create the ViewObject

The Read Only ViewObject SetUserContextView:

select set_user_context(:currentuser) currentUser
from dual

Also define the Bind variable currentuser – if you like with a default value


The other steps are self-explanatory.


  1. Lucas Jellema December 11, 2006
  2. Steve Muench December 11, 2006