Starting SOA Suite 11gR1PS3 AdminServer as Windows NT Service


Although this should not be so complicated I run into some problems I would like to share in this post. In general it is quit simple to generate a window service that starts a weblogic server. If you read the manual you see you need to create a script that sets some environment variables and finally calls the %WL_HOME%\server\bin\installSvc.cmd script to do the actual creation of the Windows NT Service. Here you can see a sample (I will call this script installAdminServerSvc.cmd)

@echo off
set USERDOMAIN_HOME=D:\Oracle\Middleware11gR1PS3\user_projects\domains\SOA_DOMAIN
set SERVER_NAME=AdminServer
set WLS_USER=weblogic
set WLS_PW=welcome1
set JAVA_OPTIONS=-Dweblogic.Stdout="D:\Oracle\Middleware11gR1PS3\user_projects\domains\SOA_DOMAIN\AdminServer-stdout.txt" -Dweblogic.Stderr="D:\Oracle\Middleware11gR1PS3\user_projects\domains\SOA_DOMAIN\AdminServer-stderr.txt"
set JAVA_VM=-client
set MEM_ARGS=-Xms40m -Xmx250m
set HOST=localhost
set PORT=7001
call "D:\Oracle\Middleware11gR1PS3\wlserver_10.3\server\bin\installSvc.cmd"

You need to make one change to the %WEBLOGIC_HOME%\server\lib\installSvc.cmd script file.

The script will now use the right script to set the environment variables: setDomainEnv.cmd instead of the default commEnv.cmd.

@echo off

set WL_HOME=D:\Oracle\Middleware11gR1PS3\wlserver_10.3
rem call "%WL_HOME%\common\bin\commEnv.cmd"
call "%USERDOMAIN_HOME%\bin\setDomainEnv.cmd"

@rem Check that the WebLogic classes are where we expect them to be

So far so good. But when you run installAdminServerSvc.cmd you will get an error:

‘”oracle.fabric.common.classloaderurl.handler”‘ is not recognized as an internal
or external command, operable program or batch file.

This approach always worked until now. So what changed here? After some browsing through the scripts I found the problem.

In the new version of the setDomainEnv.cmd the property PROTOCOL_HANDLERS is set to five protocol handlers concatenated together by a pipe (“|”):”|”oracle.fabric.common.classloaderurl.handler”|”oracle.fabric.common.uddiurl.handler”|” This property is assigned to JAVA_OPTIONS which is used again in the installSvc.cmd script when setting the CMDLINE property. When I display (echo) the content of this property I see the following (I shortened the content somewhat):

set CMDLINE=”-client -Xms512m -Xmx1024m -XX:PermSize=128m -XX:MaxPermSize=512m -Dweblogic.Stdout=”D:\Oracle …..” | “oracle.fabric.common.classloaderurl.handler” | “oracle.fabric.common.uddiurl.handler” | “ ……. weblogic.Server”

As you can see there are additional spaces added between the protocol handler packages now. This causes the problem. As the previous version only assigned one protocol handler package this problem never occured until now.

Since I have no influence on adding spaces I have done the following. I changed the setting of the CMDLINE property from its orginal form:

set CMDLINE=”%JAVA_VM% %MEM_ARGS% %JAVA_OPTIONS% -classpath \”%CLASSPATH%\” -Dweblogic.Name=%SERVER_NAME% -Dweblogic.ProductionModeEnabled=%PRODUCTION_MODE%\”%WL_HOME%\server\lib\weblogic.policy\” weblogic.Server”

to its substituted form (I of course removed the spaces):

set CMDLINE=”-client -Xms512m -Xmx1024m -XX:PermSize=128m -XX:MaxPermSize=512m -Dweblogic.Stdout=”D:\Oracle ….. -Djava.protocol.handler.pkgs=strong>|oracle.fabric.common.classloaderurl.handler|oracle.fabric.common.uddiurl.handler| ……. weblogic.Server”

Now the creation of the windows NT service did work.

MOS note 1060058.1

Firstly some MS Windows 64bit specific advice

If you are using MS Windows 64bit, edit the MIDDLEWARE_HOME\wlserver_10.3\server\bin\installSvc.cmd

If the WebLogic Domain is using Sun JDK, add “set JAVA_VM=-server”,
if the WebLogic Domain is using JRockit, add “set JAVA_VM=”-jrockit”

Example for Domain based on Sun JDK:

set JAVA_VM=-server

if "%ADMIN_URL%" == "" goto runAdmin

If the JAVA_VM mode is not changed from the default ‘-client’ to ‘-server’ the WebLogic Managed Server will fail to start as a MS Windows Service.

About Author

Izaak de Hullu is an architect SOA and Integration. Experience in mostly Java integration projects with products like OSB, Weblogic but also BPM/BPEL products like Oracle BPM en Cordys.


  1. John Stegeman on

    If you’re using 64-bit software, be sure to check out MOS note 1060058.1 as well – it has some additional steps!